Explained: Jobs in Tech and Programming Languages

By Rae Keinan

13 out of the 25 highest-paying jobs in 2018 were in the tech industry and with the rapid job growth, both in web development and information technology, it wouldn’t be surprising if you considered switching careers into tech. The only problem is deciding which job to switch into – which one is right for you? And what is even the difference between data analytics and data science? Or between UX and UI?

We have all the different tech jobs explained right here for you:

Front-end web development

Building the front part of a website. This is the part which the user sees in the browser and directly interacts with. It is usually built with: HTML, CSS, and Javascript.

Back-end web development

Building the back part of the website which lives on the server. Making sure all the right information is sent out to the browser / front-end of the website. Different languages that are used are: Python, Ruby, PHP, C#, and more.

Full stack web development

Building both the front-end browser side and back-end server side, in order to create fully functional websites. A full-stack developer has experience in all layers of a website’s development.

Software engineering

While web developers build only web-based applications, software engineers build any kind of software, from web applications to desktop programs. This includes business applications, computer applications, video games, network control systems, and more.

Data analytics

Extracting and categorizing meaningful data in order to identify and analyze behavioral patterns and trends. Involves describing statistics, visualizing data, and finding conclusions that can help the decision making process.

Data science

Organizing and analyzing big data using data cleansing, data preparation, and data analysis. Data science is a broader term that encompasses data analytics.

Quality assurance (QA)

The process of determining whether a product or service meets required specifications and expectations. Used to track and resolve issues of a product before it is released to a customer


The practice of protecting computers, networks, programs and data from unauthorized access or digital attacks that are aimed to damage or exploit data. There are many different roles in cybersecurity. Some would include establishing security technologies, creating information security frameworks, or building firewalls.

Digital marketing

Advertising delivered through digital channels (such as search engines, social media, etc.) in order to market products/services and reach customers. On the job, digital marketers might build marketing strategies, track brand awareness or product purchases, manage ad campaigns, and more.

Product management

Managing all stages of the product life cycle in order to launch usable, market-ready products. This includes developing and validating strategies, assessing metrics, forecasting, and leading a team.

User experience (UX) design

Designing the all-encompassing experience of a product or service while applying a user-centered approach and help them meet their needs. Often use programs like: Sketch, InVision, Adobe XD, etc.

User interaction (UI) design

Focuses on the visual design of interactive elements in the digital space, where users see and perceive information. Involves creating animations and finding ways to increase a product’s usability.


A customer relationship management (CRM) platform that helps manage customer information and interactions. Used mostly in sales departments across various companies. Companies might hire a Salesforce engineer to help automate sales processes.

During the different tech courses or bootcamps, you might have to learn one or more programming languages. In case you found a program that you might be interested in, we prepared a glossary of programming languages to help you understand better what you will be learning in each course:

  • HTML/HTML5 — is the backbone of a website, creates the structure and content of a web page.
  • CSS — customized HTML to create the look and design of a webpage. It can change colors, fonts, and content arrangement.
  • Javascript — builds on HTML and CSS to make webpages interactive and user-friendly.
  • React — a Javascript library for building user interfaces.
  • jQuery — a fast, small, and feature-rich Javascript library.
  • AngularJS — an open-sourced javascript-based framework.
  • Java — one of the most popular programming languages in the world, used widely among Android apps and easy for beginners to learn.
  • Microsoft .NET — the development platform that drives the business technology of the top corporations in the US.
  • C# (C-sharp) — based on C and C++, can work with almost every type of system you have. It was developed by Microsoft to run on their .NET framework, so many coding courses teach both.
  • Git — management system for software development that enables distributed revision control.
  • SQL — used to access, manage, and manipulate data held in databases.
  • Bootstrap — a popular front end framework used to develop website and application interfaces.
  • PHP — a server-side language that creates websites written in HTML.
  • Ruby — a popular language among tech startups because it is great for prototypes and allows developers to do more with less code.
  • Python — an up-and-coming language that is used in many innovative technologies, such as robotics and artificial intelligence.
  • iOS — the software that runs on apple products.

Attending a Climb partner bootcamp and ready to get to the next stage in your career? Sign up for our free ClimbTalent career development platform to access job listings, resources and tools, mentorships, and more!

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